cover and food. Location Currently, greater sage-grouse are found in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Eastern California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, South Dakota, Wyoming, and the Canadian Provinces of Alberta and Forbs make up the majority of the bird’s diet in the summer and early fall. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. With tail fanned and erect, a male repeatedly gulps air while stepping forward; then forcefully releases it. Females are smaller and less colorful than males. Here the males, well-known for their spiky tail feathers and white puffed-up chests with yellow sacs, put on a flashy dance to draw the attention of nearby females. Sage grouse are symbols of the unique and diverse habitat of the American West. The greater sage-grouse has an average life span of 1 ½ years, however they have been seen to live up to 9 years. Sage-grouse eat leaves, buds, flowers, forbs, and insects. It rates a 15 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and is on the 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List, which includes bird species that are most at risk of extinction without significant conservation actions to reverse declines and reduce threats. The cup interior is about 8 inches across and 2–4 inches deep. The downy, well-camouflaged chicks are precocial, able to feed themselves within minutes of hatching. The Gunnison sage-grouse is an endemic grouse of the United States. However, in the first three weeks after hatching, chicks cannot digest sagebrush, and forbs and various insects (beetles, grasshoppers, and ants, especially) make up the bulk of the juvenile diet. The greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus), also known as the sagehen, is the largest grouse (a type of bird) in North America. Uniting all Americans to ensure wildlife thrive in a rapidly changing world, Inspire a lifelong connection with wildlife and wild places through our children's publications, products, and activities, National Wildlife Federation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. After hatching, greater sage-grouse chicks eat mostly insects, which provide protein for the growing birds. In 4 seconds, you will be redirected to, the site of the National Wildlife Action Fund, a 501(c)(4) organization. Rival males often find themselves locked in a standoff, facing head to tail a foot or two apart. Females raise their chicks until the fall, when greater sage-grouse split into their winter flocks. Category: Grouse. Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies(Order: Galliformes, Family:Phasianidae). The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2015. The greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus), also known as the sagehen, is the largest grouse (a type of bird) in North America. In the spring, it also eats weeds and grasses. (1999). Habitat: The breeding habitat for the greater sage-grouse is sagebrush country in the western United States and southern Alberta and Saskatchewan. Greater Sage-Grouse have declined greatly from presettlement estimates as high as 16 million to as few as 200,000 today—reflecting the widespread loss, alteration, or fragmentation of the vast sagebrush steppe that they depend on. Though they prefer to walk, greater sage-grouse have been recorded flying up to 48 miles an hour. Range/Habitat Greater sage-grouse are a widely distributed but sparsely populated species that occur in Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, Montana, Wyoming, Utah and Colorado, with remnant populations in Washington, California, North Dakota, South Dakota, Alberta and Saskatchewan. During mating season, male sage grouses gather on a lek or a special display area. Explore Birds of the World to learn more. Even small amounts of disturbance (such as patches of cultivated land, telephone poles and utility lines, or minor roads) reduce sage-grouse populations. Scientific Name: Centrocercus urophasianus. However, they have been found to survive up to 10 years in the wild. The male’s dance includes swishing his wings and letting out a series of low cooing sounds. Adult hens lead their growing chicks to areas with good forage, including irrigated pastures, wet meadows, and alfalfa fields, in addition to sagebrush.Back to top, Sage-grouse eat leaves, buds, flowers, forbs, and insects. Greater Sage-Grouse live only on the sagebrush steppe of western North America, and they use several types of sagebrush habitat in different parts of the year. As the birds grow into adults, they make the transition from insectivore to herbivore. Eggs hatch after roughly 25 to 30 days of incubation. We're on the ground in seven regions across the country, collaborating with 53 state and territory affiliates to reverse the crisis and ensure wildlife thrive. The Gunnison sage-grouse is smaller, and the male has a stronger banded pattern on its tail feathers. Between 1966 and 2015 populations declined by almost 3.5% per year, resulting in a cumulative decline of 83%, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Male greater sage-grouse assemble at communal display grounds—called leks—to strut their stuff in the hopes of wooing a female.

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