This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Does Your Business Need a Facility Manager? Simplified production planning and control; and simple and effective inspection of work. Content Filtrations 6. It is the configuration of departments, work centres and equipment in the conversion process. A door may be made in a wall or a hole may be drilled in a ceiling if that eliminates or reduces material handling in place of stairs or a distant door. The layout should aim at effecting economy in terms of investment in fixed assets. Process layout is used to produce various operations like stamping, welding, heat treatment being carried out in different work centres as per requirement. The Principle of a good Plant Layout . 3. 7. Some Precise Definitions for Plant Layout: According to Moore “Plant layout is a plan of an optimum arrangement of facilities including personnel, operating equipment, storage space, material handling equipment and all other supporting services along with the design of best structure to contain all these facilities”. 6. Production is not carried on a large scale. functions) quickly and reliably. Economy in handling of materials, work-in-process and finished goods. It is difficult to undertake adequate time and motion studies. Plant layout constitutes planning of the amount of space required for all kind of activities in an industry, i.e., equipment, machinery, furniture and fittings, offices, rest rooms, warehouses etc. Only through an efficient layout, the organization can attain the following objectives: Overall integration of factors: A good layout is one that integrates men, materials, machines and supporting activities and others in a way that the best compromise is obtained. Where minimum of set-ups are required. A typical process layout is depicted below: 1. More space requirement; as work-in-progress inventory is high-requiring greater storage space. 5. 2. Principle of integration: A good layout is one that integrates men, materials, machines and supporting services and others in order to get the optimum utilization of resources and maximum effectiveness. 5. Where materials and products permit bulk or continuous handling by mechanical parts. Where one or few standardized products are manufactured. Read this article to learn about the concept, objectives, principles, and types of plant layout. Privacy Policy 8. Readers, this is the most popular page on jacksonproductivity.com. Dependence of whole activity on each part; any breakdown of one machine in the sequence may result in stoppage of production. 2. Breakdown of one machine does not result in complete stoppage of work. Make effective utilisation of cubic space. Delicate special purpose machines require costly maintenance / repairs. 2. Short manufacturing cycle due to uninterrupted flow of materials. Overall integration of factors: A good layout is one that integrates men, materials, machines and supporting activities and others in a way that the best compromise is obtained. 7. Some criterion may conflict with some other criterion and as a result no layout can be ideal it has to integrate all factors into the best possible compromise. “Plant layout is the #arrangement of machines, work areas and service areas within a factory”. (x) Hold down investment (i.e. 4. © Copyright 2014, Managementguru.net. Principle of Overall Integration: According to this principle the best layout is one which provides integration of production facilities like men, machinery, raw materials, supporting activities and any other such factors which result in the best compromise. Your email address will not be published. Backtracking and long movements occur in handling of materials. —George R. Terry, “Plant layout involves the development of physical relationship among building, equipment and production operations, which will enable the manufacturing process to be carried on efficiently”.

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