I will argue that Kant is right. . An action that isn’t performed with that Kant: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Personally, I see the situation from the consequentalist point of view to be closer related to my own perception of the shopkeepers’ actions. The first shopkeeper is only acting to reward himself through the means of his customers. Liza G Prof. Williams Ethics 21 November 2011 The Two Shopkeepers One of the several topics covered in Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals is the issued of two shopkeepers. This shopkeeper acts in accordance with the first formulation of universalizability. But a non-consequentialist, or deontologist, such as Kant would conclude that killing someone is always morally wrong regardless of the consequence. The book is short–less than 100 pages–but dense. Now, a. Don't use plagiarized sources. For instance, I perceive killing one person for the greater good of one hundred as a more realistic and commonsensical than refraining from benefiting all of those people because killing is morally wrong. It will summarized Into a short paragraph for each topic which. The keeper’s honesty is also reversible, because if others in a society acted out of respect for the moral law like he is, everyone would be acting right towards one another. Evaluation of their actions through the mind of a consequentialist will explain this conclusion. Taking these motivations into consideration from the standpoint of Kantian ethics, it is clear which shopkeeper is acting right. Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/the-two-shopkeepers-kantian-ethics-and-consequentialism/. •Psychological evidence The second one is honest because he thinks it is right and exercises his respect for the moral law. Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals is often considered the seminal philosophy book of modern philosophy, and whether or not it is still relevant in the current world, it is universally recognized as significant in the history of philosophy.. https://phdessay.com/the-two-shopkeepers-kantian-ethics-and-consequentialism/, Analysis of “The Ethics of Respect for nature”. Dieter Schönecker and Allen Wood make clear the ways this work forms the basis of our modern moral outlook and how moral law relates to freedom and free will within Kant's overall philosophy. Assignment In life, a person with morals is usually very ethical and has high values and strong religious beliefs. (2018, Oct 18). Scholars The second shopkeeper, however, is acting in accordance with Kant’s categorical imperative. What Is the Difference Between Mill’s Qualitative Hedonism and Bentham’s Quantitative Hedonism? This theory often adopts ideas seen within utilitarianism, where an action is good or right considering how many people it benefits. The Two Shopkeepers One of the several topics covered in Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals is the issued of two shopkeepers. In other words, if ones principle, or maxim, behind what they are doing is something they would be willing to make a universal law, it is a good action. The first shopkeeper is motivated to be honest by the rewards of a positive reputation and profit. I say this because I tend to cast consideration for other people aside. •Identifies stages of development $20.99 (X) textbook. The second is motivated by respect for morally right action. This is just a sample. The morality of an action should be assessed, The Two Shopkeepers- Kantian Ethics and Consequentialism Essay, This notion of respect for persons has to do with treating people as having intrinsic value in and of themselves. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. •Use observations to plan activities In this case, society would not function in the sense of moral rightness because if everyone acted honest to each other for solely their benefit, no one could trust anyone else or assume they are acting out of respect for the moral law. law; it must be done because it conforms to the law. 2) Meaning of Kant’s Statement & Why: Before a person can decide whether or not a situation is ethical there must be a code of ethics or a set of moral guidelines established. The first shopkeeper’s motivation to be honest is inconsistent with this formula, as their maxim of being honest is purely selfish, and it would not be effective if willed to a universal law. This idea contains two formulas, the first one states that one ought to “act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should be a universal law” (Singer 274). This contradicts Kant’s notion of evaluating the moral intentions of the action, regardless of the consequence it produces. The keeper’s honesty is also reversible, because if others in a society acted out of respect for the moral law like he is, everyone would be acting right towards one another. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Your Deadline is Too Short? The fact that he is not rewarding customers with honesty, but complying with the moral law in order to reward himself with a good reputation and profit makes it so that he is not acting rightly. Liza G Prof. Williams Ethics 21 November 2011 The Two Shopkeepers One of the several topics covered in Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals is the issued of two shopkeepers. Since the first shopkeeper’s action fails the notion of reversibility, it also fails the universalizability test in which actions can be willed into a universal law. And the second shopkeeper is also not acting in accordance with this process because, if anything, he is only benefitting himself with the feeling of acting morally right since he acts in respect for moral law. Get Your Custom Essay The fact that I label myself as a realist also greatly affects which viewpoint I see fit. The fact that he is not rewarding customers with honesty, but complying with the moral law in order to reward himself with a good reputation and profit makes it so that he is not acting rightly. The second one is honest because he thinks it is right and exercises his respect for the moral … Considering the utilitarianist approach within the theory of consequetialism, neither of the shopkeepers is acting rightly. For example, a consequentalist may say murder of one person to save one hundred people is right simply because of its consequence. custom paper from our expert writers, The Two Shopkeepers- Kantian Ethics and Consequentialism. One shopkeeper is honest with his customers in order to maintain a positive reputation and improve profits. And this passes the universalizability test since an ideal society would inhabit people who act based on the sense of right and wrong, according to Kant. Unlike the first, the second shopkeeper is honest because he knows it is morally right. He complies with the second formulation by his honesty with customers out of respect for the moral law. I see consideration for the greater society as well as for myself of more importance than acting in accordance with moral law. Remember. Since the first shopkeeper is simply benefitting himself, he is not acting in accordance with this process of judgment, but rather benefiting his own ego. Unlike the first, the second shopkeeper is honest because he knows it is morally right. He is not only using the treatment of his customers as a means for honesty, but also as an end respect for the moral law. A defining work of moral philosophy, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals has been highly influential and famously difficult. Consequentialism is a normative ethical theory where actions are right or wrong based on the consequences that result from action. Secondly, the first shopkeeper is not acting in compliance with Kant’s second formula of the end in itself. This shopkeeper acts in accordance with the first formulation of universalizability. •Monitors changes in behaviour We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. According to Kant, we can control the will and meaning behind our actions. The first shopkeeper is only acting to reward himself through the means of his customers. In other words, being honest with his customers is not only enabling him to act morally right, but allowing him to be evaluated as respecting the moral law (Singer 274-275).

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