The following are some of the most important functions of literature in the society. Edward Said’s famous phrase ‘speaking truth to power’ addresses the second form but raises the question of whether power will listen. When there is no land left for Palestinians, there will be no option but to incorporate Palestinians. Ideology- The largely concealed structure of values which informs and underlies our factual statements. It is a critique of colonial inscription and the policies of removal and injustice that accompanied the dominance of representation. This is an infusion that lies at the core of the ‘bricolage’ of Onus’s painting. Nowhere is the only place from which ideology can be critiqued, because ideology itself is impossible to escape. Is not utopia—this leap outside—the way in which we radically rethink what is family, what is consumption, what is authority, what is religion, and so on? In the same vein, Laurence Davis contends that critics and defenders of utopia alike “have tended to conceive of utopia primarily as a transcendent and fixed ‘ought’ opposed to the ‘is’ of political reality and the ‘was’ of social history,” but “it may also be understood as an empirically grounded and open-ended feature of the ‘real world’ of history and politics representing the hopes and dreams of those consigned to its margins” (2012, 127). This material is available only on Freebooksummary, We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. The present is the crucial site of the continual motion by which the new comes into being. Hi! They may also point the wrongs done by the ruling class and suggest the ways to get rid of these leaders. © Lin Onus Estate/Licensed by Viscopy, 2013. But postcolonial writers and artists, working from the in-between space of hybridization, grapple with the reality of violence and at the same time with the challenges of identity formation, and with questions of place, nation and history. No one has time to read them all, but it’s important to go over them at least briefly. Thanks to literature, we can study, be inspired, cry, laugh, enjoy and just have a good time. Derived from the Latin word literature meaning "writing formed with letters," literature most commonly refers to works of the creative imagination, including poetry, drama, fiction, nonfiction, and in some instances, journalism, and song. 03129904422. Yet both utopia and dystopia share a common goal, that of critiquing the present, as Paul Ricoeur maintains when he says “All utopias finally come to grips with the problem of authority” (1986, 298). Exercise refers to physical activi... Urinary tract infection is a urinary tract infection an... GREETINGS AND INTRODUCTION The dramatic poetry of the Greeks, the works of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides were created for festival and ceremonial occasions. Literature affects the feelings and outlook of a person. Dryden was the next critic who cleared away the ancient stumbling block of criticism—the doctrine that the aim of the writer is to instruct or “make men better in some respect”. The insistent struggle for democracy has not resulted in notable success. Literature can also help gain more knowledge. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. As Kamau Brathwaite puts it: Limbo Another function of literature is for us to gain experiences. If you want to use the photo it would also be good to check with the artist beforehand in case it is subject to copyright. The sublime effect of literature, for Longinus, is attained not by argument, but by revelation, or illumination. As Mahmoud Darwish says in “State of Siege”: Here, on the slopes facing the sunset The reaction to this humorous depiction of the nation state was unexpected controversy. And the spectator of a tragedy or the reader of a novel is also said to experience release and relief. For a fully referenced version of this article please visit the IAFOR Keynotes Series. Onus engages in a transformative aesthetic that acknowledges conflict yet subtly reconfigures it by appropriating dominant art forms. We might object that hope is not victory, and indeed the great irony of utopianism is that it would seem that all achieved utopias quickly become dystopias. Literature is a term used to describe written and sometimes spoken material. As Salman Rushdie puts it: “this … is how newness enters the world” (1992, 395). It educates the young people on how they are expected to behave in accordance with the demands of their societies and the roles they are required to fulfil. Literature is used to liberate people mentally and physically. One of the most common, and popular, examples of this is the limbo dance, a performance of slave history, which re-enacts the crossing of the Middle Passage in a continual reminder of memory, survival and cultural resurrection. Our world is full of information and not all of it is good and beautiful, but with the help of literature, we can transform bad memories into something beautiful.

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