We are not merely to be sanctified individually (though this is certainly one aspect of sanctification); we are to grow in purity and holiness as a church. Far to the south, off the African coast, lay the notorious Syrtes (17), the graveyard of many ships, as underwater archaeology has vividly revealed in recent years. . Now, in our text, Paul is again in great danger. (4) The Sovereignty of God and Human Responsibility. The seas were closed to sailing until the beginning of February at the earliest; the three months spent in Malta must therefore have corresponded roughly to November, December, and January, so they must have left Fair Havens not much before mid-October. Be at peace among yourselves. When Moses was negotiating Israel’s release from Egypt with Pharaoh, he pronounced the plagues one by one to Egypt. ( Log Out / There is (if all is working as it should) rule by a plurality. By the way, Paul may not have been frightened so much for himself as for the others. Ideally, our ministry groups are led by two co-leaders, both of whom are deacons. 4 Rejoice in the Lord always. This defuses any resentment or discord in the workplace, keeps the morale high, and fosters mutual respect which is important in the long run. (Often, there may be a deacon whose character, gifts, and servanthood have already been demonstrated in their ministry as a deacon.) 1 Brothers and sisters, if a person is discovered in some sin, you who are spiritual restore such a person in a spirit of gentleness. George Bernard Shaw once said, “You see things; and you say, ‘Why?’ But I dream things that never were; and I say, “Why not?””. 18 For the scripture says, “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain,” and, “The worker deserves his pay” (1 Timothy 5:17-18, emphasis by underscoring mine). Why would the qualifications for elders and deacons be so similar if the work of deacons was merely physical? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Leading. I read in the paper the other day that when faced with the decision as to whether he should change to an alternate airport or press on to the original destination, the pilot of a commercial airliner left the choice with his passengers. Though it is the Perfect Man who will rule over the earth (Psalm 8), those who are His saints will reign with Him. 25 The word “urge” here is the translation of a different Greek word than what is rendered “ask” in verse 12, but I see no substantial difference in meaning or emphasis. Decisions must be made even if they involve fear and risk. One can easily see how this process could be a challenge to their unity as a body of believers. He draws a blueprint of what a bad leader is. For such it will be a later choice to serve – after leadership is established. He was not the captain of the ship, nor one of the soldiers. 2 I appeal to Euodia and to Syntyche to agree in the Lord. They function in such a way as to encourage and facilitate others to assume leadership at lower levels. If one’s attitude is right in such matters, one’s actions will flow accordingly, to the benefit and blessing of others. They could not see the sun nor the stars (verse 20) and so they were unable to navigate. I believe that admonition may involve a measure of instruction, but the emphasis falls upon speech or actions that are either preventative or corrective. In a permissive autocracy, the mechanisms are a bit more liberal. The elders of the church are the highest level of leadership. They were not men who manipulated people or their circumstances in order to further their own power or position. It opens to the East and Southeast, but is not fit to winter in. It’s spiritually ugly. cit. The overall thrust of 1 Thessalonians 4 and 5 (the application portion of 1 Thessalonians) is sanctification. Paul’s influence was not the result of his political maneuverings, but men’s response to his personal competence. 55-65,  http://www.bible-people.info/Moses.htm,  http://www.bible-people.info/Moses.htm,  http://www.bible-knowledge.com/story-of-moses/comment-page-1/#comment-8674,  http://www.bible-knowledge.com/story-of-moses/comment-page-1/#comment-8674,  Richard Bolden, “What is Leadership?”- Leadership South West Research Report 1, University of Exeter, Rennes Drive, Exeter EX4 4ST, United Kingdom, July 2004, p. 4,  http://www.leopard-learning.com/leadershipdevelopmentplan.html,  Bolden, R., Gosling, J., Marturano, A. and Dennison, P., “A Review of Leadership Theory and Competency Frameworks”, University of Exeter, Crossmead, Barley Lane, Dunsford Hill, Exeter EX4 1TF, United Kingdom, June 2003, p.10,  Caroline H. Liu, “Leading the Future of the Public Sector: The Third Transatlantic Dialogue”, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA May 31–June 2, 2007, P.5,  Bolden, R., Gosling, J., Marturano, A. and Dennison, P., “A Review of Leadership Theory and Competency Frameworks”, University of Exeter, Crossmead, Barley Lane, Dunsford Hill, Exeter EX4 1TF, United Kingdom, June 2003, p.10,  http://www.leopard-learning.com/leadershipdevelopmentplan.html. We observe first of all that the qualifications for deacons are very similar to the qualifications for elders. I will never forget how my friend “Dick” distinguished between the elders and the deacons of the church he attended years ago: “The elders do the spiritual work, while the deacons do the dirty work.” That’s what a lot of folks think. Think about it for a moment in secular terms. The question was where the ship would make port for the winter. 9 For the commandments, “Do not commit adultery, do not murder, do not steal, do not covet,” (and if there is any other commandment) are summed up in this, “Love your neighbor as yourself.” 10 Love does no wrong to a neighbor. Paul’s leadership emerged in a “democratic society.” We are told that “the majority reached the decision” to sail on, rather than to winter in Fair Havens. Allow me to make one last observation here. With great difficulty, the dinghy was hoisted on board, and then supporting cables were used to undergird the bottom of the ship, so that it might not break up under the weight of its cargo and the stresses of the storm. 35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Paul’s execution was sought by the Sanhedrin, which first tried to execute him legally (like Stephen) and then by assassination, but God used Roman soldiers once again to spare His servant. Moses was buried by the Lord and the place of his burial was kept secret from all men. What the ship’s crew intended to do was a cowardly thing. Paul chose his words very carefully here (as he always does). Another example is the hierarchy in a publishing house, where the editor-in-chief and the publisher enjoy the ultimate authority about deciding the kind of content that is published, but the writers and creative experts have the freedom to develop the content within the given framework as they deem fit. By now, it is a well-established fact that autorcratic leadership is inflexible. I have always looked upon the Apostle Paul as a godly man, a zealous servant of Jesus Christ, and a powerful preacher of the gospel. In addition, anyone who wants to share the Bible with others can print unlimited copies and give them away free to others. I believe that the last verses of this section (4:9-12) deal with sanctification and social responsibility (love expressed toward others by working hard and not being a burden on them). 13 But, according to his promise, we are waiting for new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness truly resides. He did not claim to have a certain (prophetic) knowledge of what was going to happen. Bruce writes. Thus, he did not expect a miracle, nor did he even ask for one. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. It is not surprising, though, that he would take the advice of the ship’s captain and its pilot as being more expert. I am reminded here of Paul’s words to the saints at Philippi, where Paul exhorted the church to help two sisters live in peace with each other: 1 So then, my brothers and sisters, dear friends whom I long to see, my joy and crown, stand in the Lord in this way, my dear friends! , Moses died in the land of Moab before the children of Israel crossed the Jordan River to go in to possess the land. The ship would be lost, but not one of the passengers would perish. The Lord is near! “The Greater Syrtis was still a great distance away, but the wind might continue to blow for many days, and that was the direction in which it was blowing them. Characters), The Net Pastor’s Journal, Eng Ed, Issue 37, Fall 2020, Verses 14-20: A Sudden Storm and Lost Hope, Verses 21-26: Paul’s Night Visitation and Words of Encouragement, Verses 30-32: Sailors Stopped From Abandoning Ship, Verses 33-41: Paul’s Encouragement and the Ship’s Grounding, Verses 42-44: Prisoners and Passengers Spared From Death. The more I have thought about this kind of leadership, the more convinced I have become that New Testament leadership best encourages the development of leaders. As I was thinking about this multi-layered form of leadership, it occurred to me that (at least ideally) our country (the United States of America) was designed to function in a similar way.  Moses has an odd childhood. We might say that love seeks for the corporate good of the body of Christ at the expense of our own agendas.