It was his mission to introduce a rational, common-sense point of view, and to bring the divine and human sciences to bear on the everyday world. Christian Thomasius was born in Leipzig on Jan. 1, 1655. Besides his texts he wrote special works on "prudence" (Klugheit, prudentia ), giving advice for persons in different situations and positions. 17 Oct. 2020 . Christian beliefs center on the nature of God, the identity of Jesus Christ, and how people can be saved from sin and its punishments. [1] In an attempt to articulate the person and nat… In the Introductio and other works Thomasius's eclecticism and opposition to dogmatism, his empiricism, his concentration on description of human nature and the giving of advice for practical behavior, are evident. HOCHSTRASSER, TIMOTHY "Thomasius, Christian (1655–1728) Several early councils were convened to address the various issues regarding the Godhead and in particular, the person and nature of Christ. Under the influence of Thomasius and another teacher, Francke, Halle became the pacesetter of academic thought and theology in Germany. Montreal: Montmorency, 1988. In this respect too, Thomasius went well beyond the more conservative positions of Pufendorf. See also Enlightenment ; Melanchthon, Philipp ; Pietism ; Universities . Tübingen, 1927. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/thomasius-christian-1655-1728, Tonelli, Giorgio "Thomasius, Christian (1655–1728) The German philosopher and jurist Christian Thomasius (1655-1728) was one of the most respected and influential university teachers of his day. He was born in Leipzig, the son of the Aristotelian philosopher Jakob Thomasius, who had been a teacher of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. condemned theologians who were always searching for heretics. Tonelli, Giorgio "Thomasius, Christian (1655–1728) Thomasius's most popular and influential German publications were his periodical already referred to (1688–1689); Einleitung zur Vernunftlehre (1691, 5th ed. □. The theologian Joachim Lange in particular stressed Thomasius's Pietism and held that divine illumination was the only source of truth. The incarnation of Jesus Christ has been a subject of attention from the earliest decades of the formation of the Christian Church. He also attempted to free the study of jurisprudence from the control of theology. Christian Thomasius, (born Jan. 1, 1655, Leipzig—died Sept. 23, 1728, Halle, Saxony), German philosopher and progressive educator, who established the academic reputation of the newly founded University of Halle (1694) as one of the first modern universities. Encyclopedia of World Biography. A self-consciously controversial figure who built on the writings and influence of his mentor Samuel von Pufendorf (1632–1694), he developed a new philosophical outlook, eclecticism, which united all of his contributions to many intellectual fields. THOMASIUS, CHRISTIAN (1655–1728), German philosopher. Han såg vetenskapens huvuduppgift i att skingra vidskepelsen och sprida upplysning samt var den förste som vid ett tyskt universitet höll föreläsningar på modersmålet (första gången 1688), liksom han också genom sina skrifter som han författade på tyska bröt väg för en tysk filosofisk terminologi. Thomasius's model was the education given in the German Ritterakademien (schools for the nobility), and he himself introduced this practical, worldly education into the teaching of the Halle faculty of law. Hunter, Ian. Encyclopedia.com. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/thomasius, "Thomasius Thomasius followed his father, as well as Hugo Grotius and Samuel von Pufendorf, in the study of natural law. Fundamenta Iuris Naturae et Gentium. Thomasius is often spoken of in German works as the author of the "territorial system," or Erastian theory of ecclesiastical government; but he taught that the state may interfere with legal or public duties only, and not with moral or private ones. Wikipedias text är tillgänglig under licensen. . Encyclopedia.com. Although he was influenced by the Pietists at Halle, especially Philipp Spener, Thomasius agreed primarily only with their opposition to established theological systems and their practical piety and not with their central emphasis on sin and grace. But Thomasius broke decisively with this intellectual orthodoxy when appointed as a young Privatdozent at Leipzig in the 1680s: he was the first academic to regularly give lectures in German as opposed to Latin, a practice he later carried through into his published writings. In sum, Thomasius can be considered as one of the first writers in Germany to place the individual at the heart of moral and legal theory, although he did not draw the same liberal consequences for political theory as were extracted elsewhere by John Locke (1632–1704) and other contemporary philosophers. He helped found the University of Halle (1694), where he became second and then first professor of law and (in 1710) rector of the university. ." [1] In law, he tried to prove that the rules of Roman law, which contradicted his own principles of natural law, had never actually been accepted and were therefore invalid; he also tried to legitimize his own principles by showing them to be common law built on Germanic foundations. The Introductio presented his theory of man and covered psychology and theory of knowledge, knowledge being obtained through the senses only. For Thomasius theoretical philosophy comprised natural theology, physics, and mathematics. Both opposed "pedantry," Aristotelianism, Lutheran orthodoxy, the episcopal system of church government, and intolerance; both were also eclectic and empirical and avoided scholastic abstractions and theological subtleties. . He was born in Leipzig and was educated by his father, Jakob Thomasius (1622–1684), at that time a junior lecturer in Leipzig University (later dean and rector, as well as head master of Thomasschule zu Leipzig). Die neue Entfindung einer wohlgegründeten und für das gemeine Wesen höchstnötige Wissenschaft. In consequence of these and other views, on 10 May 1690 he was denounced from the pulpits, forbidden to lecture or to write, and his arrest was ordered. His eclecticism and opposition to dogmatism was connected with the tradition of Peter Ramus that survived in the school of John Amos Comenius and with Thomasius's philosophical individualism. ." Berlin: Aufbau-Verlag, 1953. In it Thomasius advocated eclecticism and disapproved of sectarianism and quarrels between schools of thought.

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