When Allah first conveyed his message to the Prophet (PBUH) via Jibril (a.s.), Islam spread slowly in the Arab lands. Previously, having written about the Battle of Uhud, this conflict took place as a consequence of the Quraysh declaring war against the Muslims, because the enemy had lost at the Battle of Badr, 1400 years ago. Tafhim al-Qur’an – Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi: “108a This refers to the conduct of the archers. The Muslim force, now numbering around 700 encamped on the slopes of Uhud, facing Madinah, with their rear protected by the mountain. As a result, the surviving non-Muslims were desperate for a conflict against the Muslims for revenge. Learn Quran Online by Live Tutor on Skype! 154b. ١٥٣  إِذْ تُصْعِدُونَ وَلَا تَلْوُونَ عَلَىٰ أَحَدٍ وَالرَّسُولُ يَدْعُوكُمْ فِي أُخْرَاكُمْ فَأَثَابَكُمْ غَمًّا بِغَمٍّ لِكَيْلَا تَحْزَنُوا عَلَىٰ مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلَا مَا أَصَابَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ. The promise is contained in v. 124: “When thou didst say to the believers: Does it not suffice you that your Lord should help you with three thousand angels?”. Even if you see birds peck at our flesh, you should not abandon your posts at all.” [2], “467. 154f. 3:158 – God says that those who died will return to HIM. The Battle of Uhud In 625 A.D. (3 H.), the Muslims of Madinah learned a difficult lesson during the Battle of Uhud. Eventually, the Muslims formed an army of around 1,000 men. When the Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah, now with seven hundred men, reached the gorge of Uhud, a mountain about three kilometres from Madinah, he took up his position saying, ‘None of you should start fighting until we give the order.’ He prepared for battle. 91 I.e., the clans of Banu Salamah and Banu Harithah, who had almost joined the deserters led by ‘Abd Allah ibn Ubayy (see preceding note). But they fell a prey to the love of the world and left their position to get a share in the booty when they saw the enemy fleeing before the Muslim onrush. 122b. 3:157 – Here God promises those who fought for justice, i.e., defending the lives of the oppressed, by fighting in the cause of God against the Quraysh, if they died (became martyr’s) they would be forgiven and would be rewarded with Paradise. The general sequence of the events gained consensus early on, as demonstrated in the text of Ibn Ishaq, an early biographer of Muhammad. 3:122 – This verse (3:122) informs us that some of the parties among the Muslims were about to lose courage. As a result, the lessons that we can gain from the ghazwa of Uhud … It is to them, as well as the few Companions who went on fighting after the bulk of the Muslims had fled, that the second part of the above sentence refers. 122a. The encounter took place near Uhud. The Muslim army was standing with the Uhud mountain toward their right. In Makkah, the non-Muslims persecuted them and eventually forced them to leave, taking over their belongings. By Allah, I saw the women fleeing lifting up their clothes revealing their leg-bangles and their legs. IN BATTLE POSITION. Thus the only vulnerable point was a pass on one side, where he posted 50 archers under the command of `Abdullah bin Jubair, saying, ” to let not any enemy come near us and do not leave your posts in any case whatsoever. He decided according to the will of Muslims to fight in open country but was aware of the superior mobility of the Meccans. Much against his own wish the Holy Prophet with a force of 1,000 including 300 followers of Abd Allah b. Ubayy, the notorious hypocrite who afterwards defected, marched out of Medina to meet the enemy. 500. Allah says that some of the Muslims desire the things of this world, whereas others are more focused on the hereafter. Once the Muslims retreated onto the mountain, the Meccans weren’t able to easily attack them. When (the Qurayshi leader) Abu Sufyan wanted to leave, he went to the top of the mountain and shouted loudly, saying, "You have done a fine work. Once the Muslims came to a consensus regarding fighting outside the city, all parties agreed. He said that He fulfilled His promise to the Muslims, which led to them gaining the upper hand. [50][clarification needed]. ١٥٤  ثُمَّ أَنْزَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ الْغَمِّ أَمَنَةً نُعَاسًا يَغْشَىٰ طَائِفَةً مِنْكُمْ ۖ وَطَائِفَةٌ قَدْ أَهَمَّتْهُمْ أَنْفُسُهُمْ يَظُنُّونَ بِاللَّهِ غَيْرَ الْحَقِّ ظَنَّ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ ۖ يَقُولُونَ هَلْ لَنَا مِنَ الْأَمْرِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۗ قُلْ إِنَّ الْأَمْرَ كُلَّهُ لِلَّهِ ۗ يُخْفُونَ فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ مَا لَا يُبْدُونَ لَكَ ۖ يَقُولُونَ لَوْ كَانَ لَنَا مِنَ الْأَمْرِ شَيْءٌ مَا قُتِلْنَا هَاهُنَا ۗ قُلْ لَوْ كُنْتُمْ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ لَبَرَزَ الَّذِينَ كُتِبَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْقَتْلُ إِلَىٰ مَضَاجِعِهِمْ ۖ وَلِيَبْتَلِيَ اللَّهُ مَا فِي صُدُورِكُمْ وَلِيُمَحِّصَ مَا فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ.

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